By Chris Wrigley
This better half brings jointly 32 new essays by means of major historians to supply a reassessment of British background within the early 20th century. The participants current lucid introductions to the literature and debates on significant elements of the political, social and financial historical past of england among 1900 and 1939.
- Examines debatable concerns over the social effect of the 1st international conflict, particularly on girls
- Provides big assurance of alterations in Wales, Scotland and eire in addition to in England
- Includes a considerable bibliography, so that it will be a useful consultant to secondary assets
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Extra info for A Companion to Early Twentieth-Century Britain
Gregory Phillips showed that while the ‘diehard’ peers wanted to preserve the hierarchical social order, they were not fossilized ‘backwoodsmen’ but men active in public life and often favouring ‘national efﬁciency’ military and social reforms. For Searle the impatience with conventional party politics, the extreme language and the advocacy of armed resistance against Germany and Irish Home Rule deﬁned these dissentients as a ‘radical right’, rebelling against the political structure in a manner similar to the later fascists.
But by July 1914 the Liberal cabinet had been forced into negotiation over Ulster and was itself divided over Lloyd George’s latest budget, while a strong Unionist by-election performance, giving the party thirty more MPs than the Liberals, showed that it was restored to at least equal terms with the Radical alliance. Interwar Ascendancy Even if Unionists had won a general election in 1915, their dominance after 1918 could not have been predicted. So great was the change in Unionist fortunes that it has been explained as an outcome of that massive dislocation, the First World War.
Labour had climbed to forty-two but declined through by-election losses. The Irish held steady at just over eighty. 5 The First World War created a climate in which Liberals needed constantly to talk about subjects uncomfortable to them – patriotism, xenophobia, censorship, state management of the economy and all human resources – while it simultaneously imposed constraints inhibiting politicians from batting ‘all around the wicket’ and forced a political discourse with which only the Conservative party felt at home.