This number of 28 unique essays examines the various scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated thinker, empiricist, and father of recent political theory.
Explores the impression of Locke’s idea and writing throughout a variety of fields together with epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of technological know-how, political concept, schooling, faith, and economics.
Delves into an important Lockean issues, similar to innate rules, conception, average types, unfastened will, average rights, spiritual toleration, and political liberalism.
Identifies the political, philosophical, and spiritual contexts during which Locke’s perspectives built, with views from today’s prime philosophers and scholars.
Offers an unparalleled reference of Locke’s contributions and his persisted effect .
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Additional info for A Companion to Locke (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)
10). LoLordo argues that Locke’s account of probability is saturated with ethical considerations. His rules about when it is legitimate to be guided by the testimony of others – including testimony about religious matters – are much stricter than those we actually live by. He thinks that many of us ought to do more to investigate what morality and religion require of us, and that we ought to strive harder to avoid unthinking conformism about moral and religious matters. We can see both his critique of innatism and his advice about education (see Chapter 23) as attempts to pull up some of the props supporting our bad epistemic habits.
This puts the notion of property right at the heart of Locke’s political philosophy. So perhaps it is not a surprise that he sees the need to explain how property first comes into being, and how this ultimately gives rise to the invention of money and the establishment of political commonwealths. As Richard Boyd recounts in Chapter 20, Locke holds that private property comes into being as soon as people begin to collect nature’s bounty, to section off or enclose land, to modify and improve the things they find in nature.
Loeb argues that the empiricist who would justify belief in unperceived objects must ultimately rely on background assumptions that are not themselves epistemically basic, and that this pushes the empiricist in the direction of Quinean holism. It is hardly surprising to find that a philosopher who blazes new trails also leaves his successors lacunae to fill and unanswered questions to work on. Locke blazed new trails in political thought as well as epistemology, and Richard J. Arneson describes some of the problems that he bequeathed to his posterity.