By Rosalind Mitchison
A terrific quantity for somebody in need of a brisk evaluate of North Britain from the 12 months dot to the 20th century.
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Extra info for A History of Scotland
Edward treated Scotland as a conquered country. He deposed the king with all possible humiliations. Prisoners were taken and sent south as hostages, and every man of note was called on to swear fealty in person. The English bureaucracy provided men for the king to use in Scottish positions. The Scottish records and regalia, and most important of all, the Stone of Destiny, on which Scottish kings were enthroned, went south as symbols of conquest. The result of this was, of course, another revolt.
Gradually these were exterminated. The crucial area of the central Highlands with the bleak but essential Drumochter pass, connecting north and west with the south, was made into the lordship of Badenoch and given to the Comyn family to hold by castles and discipline. 1 He went westwards with an army and fleet in 1249 to take advantage of the death of a ruler of the Hebrides, but died suddenly in Kerrera, a small grassy island lying in the mouth of the bay of Oban. Settlement with the Norse had to wait till the maturity of his son Alexander III.
By 1313 he was acknowledged throughout northern Scotland and the south-west; he had held Parliaments, issued charters, got bishops appointed, and opened diplomatic relations abroad. Even if he had not gained this position 1. The story that Comyn was finished off in another attack by a companion of Bruce’s ‘to mak siccar’ is unfounded. There is no reason to believe that Bruce and his immediate followers spoke English: Anglo-Norman or Gaelic or both are all more likely. Scottish history is full of biting phrases such as this which have no contemporary authority.