Download A Short History of Greek Philosophy by John Marshall PDF

By John Marshall

This wonderful creation to Greek Philosophy has been especially formatted for today's e-readers. Containing chapters together with these on Plato, Socrates and faculties similar to The Atomists and The Sophists, this e-book will entice scholars of philosophy and an individual drawn to the root of Western considering. Written by way of philosophical heritage professional John Marshall, it is a must-have for any electronic bookshelf.

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Hence the same people who say that being is a genus say that one is also a genus of beings, for (as was shown in the preceding book)62 one and being are the same with respect to their subject. ’ He says that for this reason some people think that the genera are elements of each thing to a greater degree than the differentiae, because they are also more common; for they are in more things and are simpler [than the differentiae] and are the first parts of the definition. He says that what is common to elements is to be the primary constituent of each thing.

But how is element one of those things that are expressed in various ways, if [as Aristotle says] it is common to all elements to be the first constituent? The answer is that one element is such in the primary sense, and the other kinds of element are so called in virtue of their similarity to element in the primary sense. ’ By ‘first of the three’ he means those syllogisms in the first of the three figures, such as those that are first in the first figure; for it is by reduction to the syllogisms in this figure that syllogisms in the other figures have their being.

It is wine (for the substrate of which he is speaking is the perceptible substance). If then [this proximate substrate] were to be wine, these things103 are one in virtue of this substrate, for they are one in kind; and similarly [if the proximate substrate] were to be water. But things having [the same] ultimate substrate are one, not because they are not different perceptible objects, but because they have come to be from some one ultimate perceptible body which is indivisible in kind; for these things are one not as being [themselves] of the same kind, but because they have the same kind of ultimate substrate.

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