By K.-H. Narjes (auth.), P. Mathy (eds.)
In the concluding consultation of the symposium "Acid Deposition, a problem for Europe" held in Karlsruhe in September 1983, Dr. GINJAAR, the previous Minister of health and wellbeing and Environmental security of the Netherlands, emphasized the necessity for developing a concerted learn programme together with the consequences of pollution on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The Council of Ministers of the ecu group in 1984 followed a revision of the third neighborhood Programme on surroundings comprising agreement learn and concerted motion within the box of the consequences of pollution in eco structures. those examine components have been additionally brought within the 4th R-D group Programme on atmosphere, followed via the Council of Ministers in 1986 and are topic back to agreement study and concerted motion. The fee of the ecu neighborhood is especially involved to extend the effectiveness of researcn initiatives conducted in the nationwide programmes, and people undertaken on the group point. The fee has a tendency to advance an built-in medical method, together with not just the physico-chemical behaviour, the delivery and the deposition of airborne toxins but in addition the consequences of those toxins, specifically on residing organisms and ecosystems. with reference to the categorical factor of the consequences, the fee is attempting to improve and advance a multi-disciplinary strategy associating biologists, pathologists, eco physiologists, and experts of soil sciences, in the concerted motion, in addition to inside coordinated learn projects.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Ecosystems: Proceedings of an International Symposium held in Grenoble, France, 18–22 May 1987
Some of these changes are known to increase the productivity of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems; but others induce stresses that change the current condition of specific plants, animals, and microorganisms or alter the health, productivity, genetic structure, and/or the geographic distribution of whole ecosystems. Recent research to determine the effects of airborne nutrient, acidic, toxic, growthaltering, and radiatively active airborne chemicals is leading to an improved understanding of how ecosystems develop and how they respond to stresses imposed by airborne chemicals and other environmental perturbations.
In some locations, essentially all the nutrients needed to sustain some of these ecosystems are now provided from atmospheric sources. Never before in their evolutionary history have the natural and managed ecosystems of North America and Europe been "fed from above" to the extent that they are today! Under these new conditions of continuing change in the chemical climate, additional pressures for further adaptation of plants, animals, and microorganisms are applied and have their influences within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Dans notre programme de lutte c~ntre les pluies acides, nous nous sommes fixes deux priorites : les oxydes de soufre et les hydrocarbures. Pour ce qui est des oxydes de soufre, nous avons deja obtenu de bons resultats puisque nos rejets ont ete divises par deux depuis 1980 grace, en particulier, a 1a realisation de notre programme electronucleaire. Mais nous voulons aller plus loin. C'est pourquoi nous encourageons Ie developpement de la desulfuration, notamment sur les chaudieres industrielles ou de chauffage urbain.