By Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray
(Earthscan) Murdoch Univ., Australia. textual content stories fresh advancements within the box and their relevance for public wellbeing and fitness in constructing international locations. offers reviews from Asian, African, and Latin American international locations; and contrasts findings with these from Europe and North the United States. Softcover.
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Extra info for Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries
Ozone is removed from the atmosphere by reactions with nitric oxide. Ozone concentrations vary with factors associated with the processes of formation, dispersion and removal. Concentrations are higher in the suburbs and in rural areas downwind of large cities than in the city centre, due to ozone removal from the air by reactions with nitric oxide and other components. The concentration of ozone often displays a bell-shaped diurnal pattern, with maximum concentration in the afternoon and minimum concentrations before dawn.
In the absence of public pressure, governments too are inclined to ignore air pollution problems. Both public and governmental concerns about air pollution are increasing, however, and significant actions to improve air quality are increasingly evident in middle income countries. It would be inappropriate for low and middle income countries to adopt the air pollution policies of high income countries. It would be equally inappropriate for them to replicate the very slow process of air pollution policy development that occurred historically in high income countries.
The health effects of climate change are complex, delayed and far beyond the scope of this book. The global agreements necessary to address GHG emissions are still being developed. On the other hand, the international politics and economics of climate change are already beginning to influence local policy debates surrounding air pollution and health. From the perspective of low and middle income countries, for example, it is critical that measures to reduce carbon emissions (undertaken, for example, through the Clean Development Mechanism) also result in reduced exposure to hazardous pollutants.