By C. Shepherd Burton, Mei-Kao Liu, Philip M. Roth, Christian Seigneur, Gary Z. Whitten (auth.), C. De Wispelaere (eds.)
In 1969 the North Atlantic Treaty association tested the Committee at the demanding situations of Hodern Society. pollution used to be from the beginning one of many precedence difficulties below research in the framework of the pilot experiences undertaken by way of this Committee. The association of a every year symposium facing pollution modeling and its program is among the major actions in the pilot learn when it comes to pollution. After being equipped for 5 years by way of the USA and for 5 years through the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, repre sented via the major Minister's workplace for technology coverage Programming, grew to become liable in 1980 for the association of this symposium. This quantity includes the papers provided on the twelfth Interna tional Technical assembly on pollution Modeling and its Appli cation held at SRI overseas, Menlo Park, California within the united states from twenty fifth to twenty eighth August 1981. The assembly was once together equipped through the leading Minister's place of work for technology coverage Programming, Belgium and SRI overseas, united states. The convention used to be attended through 109 contributors and fifty one papers were provided. The participants of the choice committee of the twelfth I.T.M. have been A. Berger (Chair guy, Belgium), W. Klug (Federal Republic of Germany), L.E. Niemeyer (United States of America), L. Santomauro (Italy), J. Tikvart (United States of America), M.L. Williams (United Kingdom), H. Van Dop (The Netherlands), C. De Wispelaere (Coordinator, Belgium).
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Additional resources for Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application II
Vol. 81, pp. , Schryer, D. R. and Rogowski, R. s. (1980), "The Enhanced Oxidation of S02 by N02 on Carbon Particulates", Atmos. , Vol. 14, pp. 571-575. Crawford, T. , and Reisinger, L. M. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. , (1976), "Importance of N0 2 + NO in Alkyl Nitrate Formation from C4-C6 Alkane Photooxidations under Simulated Atmospheric Conditions", J. Phys. , Vol. 80, p. 1948. Davis, D. , Ravishankara, A. R. (1979), "S02 Oxidation via the Hydroxyl Radical : Atmospheric Fate of HSOx Radicals", Geophys.
At dawn, HONO can serve as an important source of OH radicals, though the amount of NOx involved (~ 5 ppb) may be minor. C. S. BURTON ET AL. 26 Reaction 15 eventually leads to dinitrate formation as shown by Akimoto et al. (1978), but the actual mechanism involved is still uncertain (Atkinson and Lloyd, 1981). Cresols and phenols, which are intermediates in the oxidation of aromatics, can react via Reaction 16. , 1980). N02 can also react with alkoxyl radicals, RO', to form alkyl nitrates RO. + N02 + RON02 (18) Unlike Reaction 10, which increases in rate with increased size of the R group, Reaction 18 seems to be independent of R (Batt, McCulloch and Milne, 1975).
The greatest need here is probably for observational studies; lack of data currently limits the development of suitable model representations. 50 C. S. BURTON ET AL. Plume interactions with clouds can materially influence chemical transformation processes and the physical loss of material from the mixed layer. Fundamental investigations are required in this area. Because this paper has focused on chemical transformations, comments concerning research and development needs are directed primarily to that area of study.