Download An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation by K. N. Liou PDF

By K. N. Liou

Sturdy e-book for either undergrads and grads. additionally important as a reference e-book for researchers.

Show description

Read or Download An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation PDF

Best pollution books

The People's Republic of Chemicals

Maverick environmental writers William J. Kelly and Chip Jacobs persist with up their acclaimed Smogtown with a provocative exam of China's ecological calamity already imperiling a warming planet. poisonous smog most folk figured used to be out of date needlessly kills as many there because the 11th of September assaults on a daily basis, whereas occasionally Grand Canyon-sized drifts of business debris aloft at the winds rain down ozone and waterway-poisoning mercury in the USA.

Environmental Pollution Control Microbiology

As a pioneer of organic wastewater remedy, MacKinney (emeritus, U. of Kansas, Lawrence) characterizes this replace of his vintage Microbiology for Sanitary Engineers (1962) as a summation of the data he has discovered worthwhile as a practitioner instead of as a accomplished textbook within the swiftly evolving box of environmental toxins regulate.

ACOPS Yearbook 1986-87. Advisory Committee on Pollution of the Sea, London

An annual assessment of actions via governmental and non-governmental corporations bearing on treatments for international pollutants, including medical and technical stories containing surveys of toxins within the maritime setting.

Solar-to-fuel conversion in algae and cyanobacteria

​This quantity is targeted on solar-to-fuel conversion utilizing algae and cyanobacteria for complicated new release biofuels. creation of biofuels must depend on reasonable and renewable assets, that allows you to be economically workable and environmentally sustainable within the long-term. solar power is an plentiful and renewable source, and methods for solar-to-fuel conversion have the aptitude to maintain our power calls for within the long-term and to be carbon-dioxide impartial.

Extra info for An Introduction to Atmospheric Radiation

Sample text

Its temperature increases from a minimum of about 4000 K and stays between 4000 and 6000 K up to about 2000 km. Above this height, the temperature rises drastically, reaching about 105 –106 K. The temperature structure of the solar atmosphere is shown in Fig. 2 The temperature structure of the solar atmosphere and the regions where absorption lines are formed. Data constructed from the results published in Lean (1987) and Livingston et al. (1988). The symbols I and II denote a neutral atom and a singly ionized atom, respectively, and TR refers to the transition region.

When λ → 0, derive the expression referred to as the Wien distribution. Plot the Planck intensity for the temperatures of the sun and the earth–atmosphere system and compare these two approximations with the exact values. 11 (a) From Newton’s second law of motion and Coulomb’s law, find the kinetic energy of an electron in a hydrogen atom moving with a velocity v in a circular orbit of radius r centered on its nucleus. Express r in terms of the quantum number n using the selection rule for the angular momentum mvr.

These outer electrons are bound to the nucleus by relatively small forces and can be easily separated from the nucleus by the absorption of photons. It follows that the flow of photons coming from the interior is blocked by the appearance of the absorbing atoms. The blocking of these photons will cause the temperature to drop sharply at some depth below the surface. Thus, the outer region of the sun consists of a layer of relatively cool gas resting on top of a hotter interior. As a consequence, the gas at the bottom of the cool outer layer is heated by the hot gas in the interior.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.31 of 5 – based on 41 votes